Basic Guide to Football

Basic Guide to FootballBefore you hit the bar, it helps to know a little about the game, how it starts, and what they are trying to achieve. The offense is where you can watch for the strategic plays and learn lessons in planning that apply as easily to your career as they do on the football field.

Starting the game

Before each game, the captains from each team and the referee meet at the center of the field for the coin toss. The winner of the coin toss has the option of starting the game by kicking the ball to the other team or receiving the kickoff from the other team.

The game begins when one of the teams kicks off to the other. The receiving team must catch the ball and try to advance it as far forward toward the kicking team as possible.

The play ends when the player with the ball is knocked to the ground (tackled), runs out of bounds, or makes it all the way to the kicking team’s end zone (touchdown). The spot where the kick returner was tackled becomes the line of scrimmage. The line of scrimmage is a term for the place the ball is spotted before a play is run.

Once this starting point is established, the offensive squad of the receiving team will come in and try to move the ball toward the opposition’s end zone.


The offense is the team that has possession of the ball and is trying to score by moving the football down the field towards the end zone. There are two ways to move the football: running or passing. The offensive team has four attempts, or chances, to move the ball ten yards. These attempts are called downs.

Once the ball has moved ten yards or more from the starting point of play, the team gets four new downs to try to move the ball another ten yards. If the ball doesn’t move ten yards forward in four downs, the other team gets possession of the ball (the offense also has the option of kicking – punting – the ball to the other team on the fourth down).

There are two ways to score points while on the offensive side of the ball. One is to kick the ball through the goal posts at the back of the other team’s end zone, which is called a field goal, and the other is to run or throw the ball into the end zone, which is called a touchdown.

A field goal is worth three points and a touchdown is worth 6 points. Immediately following a touchdown, the team gets to attempt a kick for an extra point. This is similar to a very short field goal. Following the kick, the possession of the ball moves to the other team.

The offensive team has several players in different key positions:


The quarterback is the team leader who really gets the offense moving. He is the only player that touches the ball on every offensive play, regardless of running or passing strategy. He throws the ball for a pass or hands it off for a running play. Sometimes the quarterback will even run with the ball himself. Quarterbacks don’t have to be large, but most have magnetic personalities and display clear leadership qualities.

Wide receiver

This position is mostly used to catch passes from the quarterback. They don’t need to be big, but they definitely need to be fast. Jerry Rice is probably one of the most famous wide receivers in football and he could certainly teach the energizer bunny a thing or two about staying power.

Running back

It’s a dangerous job, but someone’s gotta do it! Running backs take the hand off from the quarterback and run as far as they can before getting tackled by the thugs on the other team’s defense. Their goal is to gain yardage and they take a beating doing it.

Full back

These guys are crucial to a good running game. They can run like a running back, or block for the running back, giving him a chance to get further down the field. Just like the running back, these guys take a pounding.

Tight end

To clear up a common female misperception, this position has nothing to do with the fit of the uniform. Tight ends are multitalented players who block, catch passes and provide protection for the quarterback.

Offensive line

There are usually five players on the offensive line. The typical offensive line has a center in the middle who hands the ball through his legs to the quarterback at the start of each play. There are two guards, one on each side of the center, and two tackles who play on the outer edges of the offensive line and are usually the biggest players.

The offensive line’s mission is to block for the running back on a running play or protect the quarterback from the defense on a passing play. These are the big guys on the offensive team who usually weigh in at around 300 pounds.

Big Advantages of Morning Exercise

Morning ExerciseSome studies have shown that if you perform just five minutes of reasonably intense exercise in the morning you can potentially burn up to twice as many calories you normally would during the day!

What this means is that for those people who often claim “I don’t have time!” there really is no excuse now for not doing five to ten minutes of physical training each day.

There is no need for people to run five miles before breakfast. A healthier more focused you is within five minutes reach! Also there are other benefits of doing something physical upon rising in the morning.

Breathing deeply and moving your body first thing not only allows you to burn more calories throughout the day but it also puts you in a better mood as well as obviously going a long way to providing yourself with better health.

In short, you will be more inclined to take the day by the “scruff of the neck”, so to speak, and to want to pursue goals and objectives if you are fully awake and energized for the day.

Below are listed some of the major benefits of doing something active each morning. Remember them when you think it is “too much effort!”.

Increased calorie burn throughout the day

Higher energy levels

Better health and fitness

Due to point number three, a higher chance of living a longer more abundant life

An increased likelihood that you will want to reach and achieve targets and ambitions in your life due to feeling positive and energized through exercise

Remember, then, that success in fitness, or indeed in any area of life, is so often dictated by what you do (or do not do) each and every day for as little as five minutes at a time!

Develop daily positive habits where your health is concerned and see and feel your results soar!

Badminton for PE Class Subject

Badminton for PE ClassBadminton has been an old standby for PE classes through the decades. A fantastic sport that can be played by youngsters and adults alike, badminton requires little equipment and offers an exciting workout that will improve eye hand coordination and agility.

Physical education equipment takes a beating and lightweight badminton rackets, birdies and nets are not known for their ability to withstand punishment.

While new racket materials such as titanium composites have become more prevalent there are a few standard models that are known to take a lickin and keep on racketing. You get the point!

Badminton rackets

While competitive badders throughout the world may be in the market for high tech composite badminton rackets for physical education classes you should have one material on your mind steel, steel, steel.

Some of these models feature aluminum shafts and frames but all of these models have proven themselves in the gymnasium and are a great value. These higher end models are still available at economy prices which make them a great purchase for high school level physical education classes were durability may be a little less of a concern and a better playing racket is more important so students can excel.

Shuttlecocks & birdies

Here it gets a little tricky. While steel rackets are usually some of the least expensive and best for PE classes when it comes to shuttlecocks cheapest is not always best. The least expensive shuttlecocks are plastic with rubber tip and should be considered only for backyard use.

They do not offer the best flight characteristics so they will actually make the game harder as the birdie appears to have a mind of its own in flight. They are a bargain though so you may want to have some on hand just in case.

The best models have a cork tip for better pop off of the racket and nylon skirts that perform well.

All of the above are of high quality for great playability. They will pop of the strings, fly in the direction you intended assuming you know how to use the racket and they are durable enough to survive physical education classes.

Badminton is a fantastic sport and teaching it to our children in physical education classes will help build healthy adults. The sport will improve coordination, balance and agility as well as building a healthy respect for competition.

Few Aspects That Make Good Sports Competitor II

In this post we will continue our previous discussion about aspects that makes us become a good competitor in sports.

Use nutrition as an advantage

I don’t know of any sports where better nutrition would not help an athlete perform better. I won’t get too deep into specifics here, but following basic nutritional guidelines for sports participation will help you to improve your diet, and your performance. Some easy ways include:

Increase your water intake. A hydrated body performs better than a dehydrated one.

Reduce your caffeine intake. Caffeine promotes dehydration.

Reduce sugar and sweets intake. Allow your body to utilize its natural fat reserves for energy. Your blood sugar will remain more stable throughout competition if you do so.

Eat in moderation. If you must eat more, eat smaller meals more often. Six small meals a day are much better for your metabolism than three large meals.

If you’ve got the artillery, use it. Play to your strengths

This is a military example, but it holds true. What good is ammunition if you don’t use it? If you want to become a better competitor, do two things:

Figure out what your “ammunition” is (or, what your strengths are as an athlete and competitor)

Make that ammunition the central aspect of your competition (use it at every opportunity)

As an example, if you are a basketball player with a decent shot, but you are in great shape, why not use your fitness as your edge during the game? Run the player guarding you into the ground. Run him or her through picks, around picks, up and down the court, no matter if you are scoring or not.

Sooner or later, if they are not as fit as you physically, they will tire, and break down. If as a golfer you are better with your putter than with your irons, don’t worry about playing a risky shot, long as you can get it somewhere on the green. Get the point? Use whatever your strengths are to your advantage. Always.

Instill competitive rituals

Rituals are the cornerstone of champion performance. Next time you watch a professional sporting event, look for rituals that the players perform. You’ll find that almost every athlete that performs to his or her highest level has pre-, during-, and post-game rituals. Why? Because these rituals serve to:

Focus them on the task at hand

Let their body know that it is time to perform

Relax themselves physically during times of stress

If you don’t have rituals as a major aspect of your sports participation, change that! Something as simple as listening to calming music, or writing in a journal, or stretching in a certain, specific manner can serve as your ritual. The key is to find something that prepares you mentally for whatever your sports demands.

If you are a boxer, wrestler, or football player, listening to a Beethoven piano sonata might not best prepare you for the physical onslaught you are about to face. However, with a sports such as golf, or tennis (where being calm is a distinct advantage), a slower, more calming piece of music might just do the trick. The key is to tailor your ritual to the sports.